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What is Cerebral Palsy?

- Cerebral palsy (CP) is a neurological condition caused by brain damage during pregnancy, birth or a brain injury.

- Cerebral palsy causes a range of disabilities, from mild to severe.

- Cerebral palsy is the leading cause of physical disability in childhood with an incidence of 2-2.5 per 1,000 live births.

- Some of the potential issues a child with cerebral palsy may face include:

  • Movement and walking disabilities
  • Speech difficulties
  • Learning disabilities
  • Cognitive impairments
  • Hearing or vision loss
  • Epilepsy
  • Emotional and behavioral challenges
  • Spinal deformities
  • Joint problems


Types of Cerebral Palsy:

- Spastic Cerebral Palsy: accounts for 75% of all Cerebral Palsy cases. It causes increased muscle tone, known as spasticity and causes:

  • Delayed developmental milestones for movement.
  • Movement inhibition.
  • Difficulties controlling muscle movement.
  • Difficulties moving from one position to another.


-  Dyskinetic Cerebral Palsy: is the second most common type of CP. Symptoms include:

  • Dystonia, repetitive and twisting motions.
  • Athetosis, writhing movements.
  • Chorea, unpredictable movements.
  • Poor posture.
  • Painful movements.
  • Difficulty swallowing or talking.


- Ataxic Cerebral Palsy: is the least common Cerebral Palsy. It causes poor balance, limited coordination, tremors, and shaky movements that are difficult to control.


- Mixed Cerebral Palsy: causes symptoms characteristic of two or three of the other types. Spastic-dyskinetic cerebral palsy is the most common type of mixed CP.


How Is Cerebral Palsy Treated?

- Various Medications: help control spastic movements, seizures, relieve pain, and anage other symptoms and related conditions.


- Surgery: is a critical part of treatment for many children with CP. Surgical procedures may improve mobility or manage pain. Common procedures include tendon or muscle release, and scoliosis surgery.


- Different types of therapies: to treat people with cerebral palsy include:

  • Physical
  • Occupational
  • Feeding
  • Aqua
  • Horse and animal
  • Music
  • Play
  • Behavioral
  • Speech/Language


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